By Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage
We are advised that Western/Christian and Muslim/Arab civilizations are heading in the direction of inevitable clash. The demographics of the West stay slow, whereas the inhabitants of the Muslim international explodes, widening the cultural hole and all yet ensuring the outbreak of struggle. Leaving apart the media's sound and fury in this factor, measured research indicates one other truth taking form: rapprochement among those civilizations, profiting from a common flow with roots within the Enlightenment.
The old and geographical sweep of this ebook discredits the concept of a selected Islamic demography. the variety of fertility between Muslim girls, for instance, is as various as spiritual habit between Muslims quite often. no matter if agnostics, fundamentalist Salafis, or al-Qaeda activists, Muslims are a various crew that turn out the range and individuality of Islam. Youssef Courbage and Emmanuel Todd think of diversified levels of literacy, patriarchy, and protective reactions between minority Muslim populations, underscoring the unfold of big secularization through the Arab and Muslim international.
In this regard, they argue, there's little or no to differentiate the evolution of Islam from the background of Christianity, specially with Muslims now coming into a world modernity. delicate to demographic variables and their mirrored image of private and social truths, Courbage and Todd upend a deadly meme: that we are living in a fractured global as regards to problem, being affected by a deadly disease of closed cultures and minds made various through religion.
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Additional resources for A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World
The patrilineal Muslim world shows a bias in favor of males, but it comes nowhere near the intensity one can observe in China and India, particularly in Punjab and Haryana. China’s unenviable preeminence when it comes to excess female mortality is a recent phenomenon, a paradoxical effect of the decline in fertility. Before birth control, northern India as a whole led the ﬁeld for anomalous sex ratios. When it dominates thinking, the patrilineal principle demands the production of a male heir. When they begin to limit children, families prefer to eliminate daughters, usually through lack of care.
But if the ideal female cousin does not exist, the son turns to another ﬁrst cousin, or a more distant one, and eventually to a nonrelative. For the system to work it is obviously necessary that the rule of exogamy prohibiting marriage between patrilineal cousins be overridden. Almost absolute in Russia, as in most countries of Christian tradition, in China, the prohibition against the marriage of ﬁrst cousins concerns only marriages between the children of two brothers; other types are tolerated.
Monographs that describe life and sentiments in local communities show the degree to which the system is not experienced as restrictive. The opposite was the case for Russian and Chinese families, large patrilineal and exogamous groups in which relations between parents and children and husbands and wives seems to have been immersed in an atmosphere of permanent psychological violence. The swift disintegration of these family systems in the period of modernization was no doubt the result of their members’ perception that their way of life was mutilating.