By Christine Yi Lai Luk
This booklet supplies a concise background of biophysics in modern China, from approximately 1949 to 1976. It outlines how a technological know-how uniqueness developed from an ambiguous and amorphous box right into a fully-fledged educational self-discipline within the socio-institutional contexts of up to date China. The ebook relates how, whereas firstly which includes cellphone biologists, the chinese language biophysics group redirected their disciplinary priorities towards rocket technological know-how within the overdue Fifties to house the nationwide pursuits of the time. Biophysicists who had labored on organic sounding rockets have been attracted to the army region and persevered to give a contribution to human spaceflight in post-Mao China. in addition to the rocket-and-space missions which supplied the fabric context for biophysics to extend within the overdue Nineteen Fifties and early Nineteen Sixties, chinese language biophysicists additionally created learn and academic courses surrounding biophysics by way of exploiting the institutional possibilities afforded via the coverage emphasis on science's position to force modernization. The ebook explores and demonstrates the collective achievements and struggles of chinese language biophysicists in construction their medical discipline.
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`Fluid, readable and obtainable . .. i discovered the final caliber of the booklet to be very good. It presents an outline of significant (and previous) advancements within the box of technological know-how experiences. It examines landmark works, authors, suggestions and methods . .. i'll definitely use this booklet as one of many path texts' Eileen Crist, affiliate Professor, technological know-how & expertise in Society, Virginia Tech technological know-how is on the center of latest society and is consequently principal to the social sciences.
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Additional info for A History of Biophysics in Contemporary China
Lepeshinskaya between 1936 and 1937. Her name is now infamous among historians of science, and for good reasons. B. ” It was later revealed that the alleged bearer of all vital processes and materials for producing cells—“vital substance”—was founded upon Stalin’s blessing rather than replicable results. Her reputation was completely destroyed as her experimental results failed to stand the test of other scientists (Zhinkin and Mikhailov 1958). ’” (Rapoport 1991, p. 266) Although Lepeshinskaya’s meteoric rise did not last long, the political repercussions were more far-reaching.
One of his best-known studies concerned the parasitic development of glochidia on Unio (Harms 1909). Glochidium was a parasitic larva feeding on freshwater mollusks. When attaching segments of glochidia to the host, the epithelium cells of the mussel around the glochidium began to proliferate. Harms suggested that the proliferation of epithelial cells was caused by the external implantation of glochidium upon the host cells. This was evident in the vigorous multiplication of epithelial cells just below the glochidium.
Ever since Bei wrote the ﬁrst research article on c. nankinensis in German, he had relentlessly cast his theory as an alternative to the traditional viewpoint held by Rudolph Virchow. 4 Bei Shizhang and His Theory of Cell Reformation 21 new cells generated by upholding his cell reformation theory as undermining the philosophia perennis in cell biology (Bei [1943a], [1943b] 1992). Among the many important questions obscured by this abridged story was what inspired Bei to pursue an alternative cell theory.