By Candice Lewis Bredbenner
In 1907, the government declared that any American lady marrying a foreigner needed to think the nationality of her husband, and thereby denationalized millions of yankee ladies. This hugely unique research follows the dramatic diversifications in women's nationality rights, citizenship legislation, and immigration coverage within the usa through the overdue revolutionary and interwar years, putting the historical past and influence of "derivative citizenship" in the huge context of the women's suffrage stream. Making awesome use of fundamental resources, and using unique files from many top women's reform corporations, govt organisations, Congressional hearings, and federal litigation regarding women's naturalization and expatriation, Candice Bredbenner presents a fresh modern feminist point of view on key old, political, and criminal debates when it comes to citizenship, nationality, political empowerment, and their implications for women's felony prestige within the usa. This interesting and well-constructed account contributes profoundly to a major yet little-understood element of the women's rights circulate in twentieth-century the US.
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Extra resources for A Nationality of Her Own: Women, Marriage, and the Law of Citizenship
W. Jacobs, "The Requisites of a Change of National Domicile," American Law Review 13 (Jan. " For historical analyses of early expatriation policy in the United States, see Edwin M. Borchard, "The Citizenship of Native-Born Women Who Married Foreigners before March 2, 1907, and Acquired a Foreign Domicile," American Journal of International Law 29 (July 1935): 396–422; John P. Roche, "Loss of American Nationality: The Years of Confusion," Western Political Quarterly 4 (June 1951): 268-–294.  The commission singled out Pequignot v.
What did emerge from the public's otherwise dimly formed views on transnational marriages was a highly unflattering stereotype of the American woman who wed an alien.  The great majority of transnational marriages involving American women did not fit that socioeconomic profile, but marriages involving socially prominent families naturally attracted the most public interest and ire. Although the editors of the society pages seemed delighted to report on the foreign social engagements of the New York City—bred Duchesses of Manchester and Marlborough, these women attracted  In her monograph on transnational marriages, Maureen Montgomery lists eighty five marriages between American women and British peers between 1870 and 1914.
Federal law barred a wife from initiating her own naturalization, so taking citizenship classes did nothing to improve her chances of becoming a naturalized American. And if her husband was naturalized, she automatically acquired the status of American citizen without attending the training. S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Education, Americanization Division, "Connecticut's Plans for Women," Americanization Bulletin (Oct. 1, 1919), 9.  "Teaching English to Adult Women," Survey 42 (Apr. 26, 1919): 156.