By Ulla Koskinen
This ebook investigates the varieties that the aggression and violence of peasant elites might absorb early smooth Fennoscandia, and their function inside society. The individuals spotlight the social stratification, internal divisions, contradictions and conflicts of the peasant groups, but in addition concentrate on the elite as leaders of resistance opposed to the professionals. With the formation of extra centralised states, the elites’ prestige and room for organisation decreased, yet nearby and temporal diversifications have been nice during this rather drawn-out procedure, and there nonetheless remained a number of beneficial contexts for his or her supplier. even supposing the peasant elite used to be now not a homogenous entity, the chapters during this assortment current us one uniting characteristic – the peasant elites’ tendency to say themselves with an lively and competitive company, no matter if this resulted in very various outcomes.
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Additional info for Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic Countries, C. 1500-1700
1400–1700) 43 of the Romerike ringleaders were tried for high treason for having held an assembly in defiance of the king. 30 Similarly, the leaders of the uprising in the Sunnmøre were summarily executed as murderers who had committed ubotamál (a crime that could not be settled by fines), while the others who had joined in received the lesser sentence of having all their property confiscated. Early in 1501, after an armed struggle of a few months, Knut Alvsson secured control over the major regions of Østlandet and parts of Vestlandet by seizing administratively and militarily important castles.
In more recent research, there has been a tendency to emphasise that it was difficult to draw a clear distinction between legal and illegal political actions. P. 3 It is commonly held by Nordic historians that the character of uprisings progressively changed from the 1400s to the 1600s. 5 A third perspective with particular reference to state formation in Sweden from about 1523–1680, launched by Mats Hallenberg, Johan Holm, and Dan Johansson, combines the two former models, though stressing strongly the interaction between rulers and subjects.
Roos (1934) ‘Keskitetyn hallintolaitoksen kehitys’ in Suolahti, Gunnar et al. J. Gummerus Osakeyhtiö), pp. 148–152; Jutikkala 1958, pp. 91–93, 176–181; Soikkanen, Hannu (1966) Kunnallinen itsehallinto kansanvallan perusta: Maalaiskuntien itsehallinnon historia (Helsinki: Maalaiskuntien Liitto), pp. 9–22; Larsson, Lars-Olof (1972) Kolonisation och befolkningsutveckling i det svenska agrarsamhället 1500–1640 (Lund: Gleerups), pp. 60–64; Österberg, Eva (1987) ‘Svenska lokalsamhällen i förändring ca 1550–1850: Participation, representation och politisk kultur i den svenska självstyrelsen’, Historisk Tidskrift 3/1987, 321–340; Österberg, Eva (1991) ‘Local politi- 24 U.