An Introduction to Systematic Reviews by David Gough

By David Gough

An creation to Systematic Reviews presents a brief, available and technically up to date publication overlaying the total breadth of ways to reports from statistical meta research to meta ethnography. The content material is split into 5 major sections overlaying: techniques to reviewing; getting began; collecting and describing learn; appraising and synthesizing info; and using reports and versions of analysis use. As systematic experiences develop into integrated in lots of extra graduate-level classes this publication solutions the transforming into call for for a simple advisor.

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Decisions about limiting the depth of a review are usually related to the breadth of the research question and the time and resources available, though they can also relate to the review’s purpose. For example, some reviews will limit the depth of searching by only retrieving electronic documents, or carrying out very specific searches (see Chapter 6). All systematic reviews should be rigorous, but there can also be variation in the rigour with which they undertake their work. Reviews can vary, for example, in the degree that they undertake internal and external quality assurance processes (see Chapter 4).

The young people working on this review became involved at an early point. With the assistance of a researcher, they selected the review’s question. The review had been funded by a body with a remit for health and social care, but in initial discussions, the young people interpreted this widely, touching on a wide range of issues relevant to the health of looked-after children, including illegal drugs, mental health, bullying, placement moves and offending. Some people in the group felt that you can have a healthy life without an education, but most agreed that a good education is likely to support your health.

Systematic reviews, like any form of research, can be undertaken well and badly, and so need appropriate quality assurance processes to evaluate them. To progress, systematic reviewers need to be aware of the many practical, methodological and political challenges involved in this work and their wider role in the production and use of research in society. TWO Stakeholder perspectives and participation in reviews Rebecca Rees and Sandy Oliver Review initiation Form reviewForm team review team Engage stakeholders Engage stakeholders Review question & methodology Formulate question, conceptual framework & approach Search strategy Search & screen for inclusion using eligibility criteria Description of study characteristics Code to match or build a conceptual framework Quality and relevance assessment Apply quality appraisal criteria Synthesis Use conceptual framework, study codes & quality judgments Using reviews Interpret & communicate findings with stakeholders 18 An introduction to systematic reviews Aims of chapter This chapter addreses the initiation stage of a review.

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