By Morris N. Eagle PhD
Although attachment thought used to be initially rooted in psychoanalysis, the 2 parts have when you consider that built fairly independently. This incisive ebook explores ways that attachment idea and psychoanalysis have every one contributed to knowing key features of mental functioning--including childish and grownup sexuality, aggression, psychopathology, and psychotherapeutic change--and what the 2 fields can study from one another. Morris Eagle severely evaluates how psychoanalytic considering can reduction in increasing center attachment techniques, resembling the inner operating version, and the way wisdom approximately attachment can tell medical perform and increase psychoanalytic conception construction. 3 chapters on attachment concept and learn are written in collaboration with Everett Waters.
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Extra info for Attachment and Psychoanalysis: Theory, Research, and Clinical Implications
Waters, Merrick, Treboux, Crowell, and Albersheim (2000) administered the AAI to a group of 20-year-olds after they had been given the Strange Situation at 12 and 18 months of age. They found that 70% of the participants received the same attachment classifications using the 34 ATTACHMENT AND PSYCHOANALYSIS secure–insecure dimension; and that 64% were assigned the same classification in infancy and adulthood using the three attachment classifications of secure, insecure–avoidant, and insecure–resistant.
The phenomenon of positive assortative mating—that is, the tendency to choose a mate similar to oneself and one’s family (Bereczkei, Gyuris, Koves, & Bernaths, 2002; Zajonc, Adelmann, Murphy, & Niedenthal, 1987) can also be seen as contributing to stability of attachment patterns. The longitudinal studies that have investigated the issue of the stability of attachment patterns generally focus on the trajectory from infancy to adulthood. Indeed, in a 2005 edited book on the major longitudinal studies, the title of which is Attachment from Infancy to Adulthood, all the studies cover the time period from infancy to adulthood (Grossmann, Grossmann, & Waters, 2005).
What is rather likely to be the case is that when there is stability between early and adult internal working models, it is, in large part at least, due to a variety of maintaining factors. The stability of the environment is a maintaining factor. There are likely to be other factors. 6 In general eliciting behaviors from others that serve to reinforce existing working models may be a powerful maintaining factor. Later in life, choice of a mate, or what is referred to in the psychoanalytic context as object choice, is also likely to be a factor that makes for stability of attachment pattern.