Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations by Holly Alliger Ruff

By Holly Alliger Ruff

This e-book presents either a evaluate of the literature and a theoretical framework for knowing the improvement of visible realization from infancy via early adolescence. Taking a sensible method of the subject, the authors speak about the advance of the selective and state-related points of awareness, in addition to the emergence of higher-level controls. in addition they discover the person adjustments in those points of recognition, and examine the potential origins of early deficits in cognizance, which has noticeable implications for kids with developmental issues comparable to attention-deficit hyperactive sickness. those findings may be necessary to developmental, cognitive, and scientific psychologists and psychiatrists.

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Extra resources for Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

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And the idea of a more general structure that might coordinate information arising from more limited systems. . Indeed, it is a frequent trick of the nervous system to employ the same . . organization at different levels of generality" (p. 171). It seems reasonable, therefore, to posit a global capacity for attention that can be deployed across different activities as the situation requires and also multiple, specific resource pools from which the individual can draw (Navon & Gopher, 1979; Wickens, 1984).

Haider (1970) reports, for example, that the EEG slows down just before missed signals; thus the lapse in attention may be reflected in the EEG as well as in performance. Because the electrodes cover the scalp, the distribution of activity (topography) can also be determined (Duffy, 1994). 3). The resulting electrical activity is analyzed into waves that vary in latency from the onset of the event, amplitude, form (sharp or spread out), and direction (negative or positive polarity). As with the EEG, the electrical activity is recorded from several different regions of the scalp, often interpreted in terms of underlying brain regions.

From Infant perception: From sensation to cognition (p. B. Cohen and P. Salapatek, 1975, New York: Academic Press. Copyright 1975 by Academic Press. Reprinted with permission. in looking, giving us a comparable measure across studies where different numbers of trials and trials of different lengths were used.

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