B.F. Skinner and behaviorism in American culture by Laurence D. Smith, William Ray Woodward

By Laurence D. Smith, William Ray Woodward

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Erlbaum, 1989), pp. 18-28. Skinner's views of punishment are laid out in his Science and Human Behavior (New York: Macmillan, Free Press, 1953), chap. 12. 2. Laurence D. : Stanford University Press, 1986); Thomas H. Leahey, "More Mythinformation Corrected," review of Behaviorism and Logical Positivism, by Laurence D. Smith, Behaviorism 16 (1988): 163-66. Skinner himself considered metaphors acceptable in literature but not in science, even though his own scientific writings contained numerous metaphorical expressions.

Skinner, Behavior of Organisms, p. 438. 43. Rose, Governing the Soul. 44. Skinner, Behavior of Organisms, p. 441. Laurence D. Smith, "On Prediction Page 27 and Control: B. F. Skinner and the Technological Ideal of Science," American Psychologist 47 (1992): 216-23. 45. B. F. Skinner, Walden Two (New York: Macmillan, 1976), p. 241 (original work published 1948). 46. Laurence D. Smith, "Knowledge as Power: The Baconian Roots of Skinner's Social Meliorism," this volume. 47. Several of my conversations with Skinner attest to this pessimism.

The goal has remained, though, to advance human welfare. Far from awaiting a distant utopia, Skinner succeeded in bringing his ideas into widespread discourse. His rejection of the narrowly physicalist language of Watsonian behaviorism in favor of the biological idiom of action and consequence helped bring behaviorism into the mainstream of Ameri- Page 23 can pragmatism. 71 The adherents of dialectical and empirical philosophies alike have perhaps slighted one key to the behaviorism of Skinner.

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