Buddhism by Christmas Humphreys

By Christmas Humphreys

The background, improvement, and present-day educating of many of the colleges of Buddhism, the religion-philosophy which has moulded the lifetime of a lot of the jap world.
Contents
Preface 9
Introduction 11
1. The lifetime of the Buddha 25
2. The Ministry 34
3. the increase of the 2 faculties 45
4. The unfold of Buddhism 60
5. Theravada Buddhism I: the 3 indicators of Being 78
6. Theravada Buddhism II: The 4 Noble Truths 90
7. Theravada Buddhism sick: Karma and Rebirth 97
8. Theravada Buddhism IV: The Noble Eightfold
Path 108
9. Theravada Buddhism V: The 4 Paths and the
Goal 119
10. The Sangha 132
11. a few Mahayana rules 143
12. The Bodhisattva perfect and the natural Land colleges 158
13. colleges of the Mahayana 167
14. Zen Buddhism 179
15. Tibetan Buddhism
16. The end result of Buddhism
17. Buddhism To-day
Appendix I. The Buddhist Scriptures
Appendix II. Pansil
Glossary
General Bibliography
Index

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C. there came to the throne of India one of the greatest men in history, Asoka Maurya. Asoka was the grandson of Chandragupta, an army officer who, at the news of Alexander's death in Babylon, defeated the Greek forces left in India and founded an Indian Empire. Asoka, like his father, continued to expand these imperial conquests until, revolted by the horrors of war, he was converted to the Dhammll and became an upasaka, a lay adherent of the Order. Thereafter, as head of ' Church ' and State, he rapidly converted Buddhism from a teaching popular in north-east India to a world religion.

In the very brief Prajiia-Paramita-Hridaya Sutra, recited daily through­ out the Far East in a thousand monasteries, the emptiness of all form is magnificently summarized. ' Reality lies between these negatives, but only the Zen school has described the way to reach it. Perhaps the best known work of the Prajiia-Paramita group, however, is the Vajracchedika (Diamond) Sutra, the recital of which enabled Hui-Neng to achieve Satori or Enlightenment (see Chapter 14, on Zen Buddhism). These groups of Sutras developed the doctrine of Sunyata (Void) and its related doctrine of Tath­ ata, or ' suchness ', the seeds of which, as already explained, are to be found in the Hinayana.

Valisinha, Devapriya. Buddhist Shrines in India. ] C H A P T E R THREE The Rise of the Two Schools • The Emperor Asoka - The Third Council - The Origin of the Mahayana - Complementary Differences - Nagasena and King Milinda - The Fourth Council Famous Mahayana Scriptures - The Prajiia-Para­ mita - Amida and the Pure Land- The Transference of Merit - Mind-Only - The Decline of Buddhism in India A s soon as the ' lamp of wisdom had been blown out by the wind of impermanence ', a Council of the Sangha was con­ vened at Rajagaha (Sanskrit : Rajagriha) to settle, if it were possible, the contents of the three Pitakas, or Baskets, of the Canon.

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