By Murat Uzam
Programmable good judgment controllers (PLCs) are largely utilized in to accomplish automation projects, with brands delivering numerous PLCs that fluctuate in capabilities, software thoughts, and the variety of inputs/outputs (I/O). no longer strangely, the layout and implementation of those PLCs have lengthy been a mystery of brands. Unveiling the mysteries of PLC expertise, Building a Programmable common sense Controller with PIC16F648A Microcontroller explains tips on how to layout and use a PIC16F648A-microcontroller-based PLC.
The writer first defined a microcontroller-based implementation of a PLC in a sequence of articles released in Electronics World journal among 2008 and 2010. This publication is predicated on a far better model of the undertaking, including:
- Updates to the configuration, with a smaller CPU board and I/O extension forums that now help sixteen inputs and sixteen outputs rather than 8
- An elevated clock frequency of 20 MHz
- Improvements to a number of macros
- Flowcharts that will help you comprehend the macros (functions)
In this publication, the writer offers exact motives of and software program buildings. He additionally describes PIC meeting macros for all uncomplicated PLC capabilities, that are illustrated with quite a few examples and flowcharts. An accompanying CD comprises resource records (.ASM) and item records (.HEX) for all the examples within the publication. It additionally provides published circuit board (PCB) (Gerber and .pdf) documents that you can have the CPU board and I/O extension forums produced through a PCB producer or produce your personal boards.
Making PLCs extra simply obtainable, this precise ebook is written for complicated scholars, practising engineers, and hobbyists who are looking to the best way to construct their very own microcontroller-based PLC. It assumes a few past wisdom of electronic common sense layout, microcontrollers, and PLCs, in addition to familiarity with the PIC16F sequence of microcontrollers and writing courses utilizing PIC meeting language inside an MPLAB built-in improvement environment.
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Additional info for Building a Programmable Logic Controller with a PIC16F648A Microcontroller
Similarly, if the output signal (rego,bito) = 1 and the input signal (regi,biti) = 0, then with each rising edge of the reference timing signal t_reg,t_bit the related counter DBNCR0+num is incremented by one. In this case, when the count value of DBNCR0+num is equal to the number tcnst_10, this means that the input signal is debounced properly and then state change from 1 to 0 is issued for the output signal (rego,bito). For this macro it is necessary to define the following 8-bit variables in SRAM: Temp_1 and DBNCRRED0.
There are some explanations within the macro to describe how it works. As can be seen, this macro makes use of previously defined data_in, clock_in, and sfht_ld bits to obtain the input signals from 74HC/LS165 registers. 7. The output signals are stored in the 8-bit SRAM registers Q0 and Q1 and serially sent out to and stored in the related TPIC6B595 registers by means of this macro. The num defines the number of TPIC6B595 registers to be used. This means that with this macro we can send output data serially to as many TPIC6B595 registers as we wish.
Hardware of the PIC16F648A-Based PLC 9 data are serially clocked in (when RB7 = 1; through RB0 data in and RB6 clock in pins). If there is only one I/O extension board used, then eight clock_in signals are enough to get the eight input signals. For each additional I/O extension board, eight more clock_in signals are necessary. The serial data coming from the I/O extension board(s) are taken from the SI input of the 74HC/LS165. 7 for the first I/O extension board). Each relay operates with 12 V DC and is driven by an 8-bit serial-to-parallel converter register/driver TPIC6B595.