By David Groenfeldt, Mark Svendsen, World Bank
"Water is an important aspect for agricultural construction and for financial improvement ordinarily. notwithstanding, the spatial and temporal distribution of water in Mexico restrains its use. due to this distribution, it's been essential to construct a wide infrastructure to catch, shop, and allot this aspect between water users." world wide, nations that after promoted extra executive involvement in irrigation administration are adopting new regulations that just do the other, developing incentives for farmers to take over the administration of operations and upkeep, whereas executive organizations concentrate on bettering the administration of water on the major procedure point. is that this simply one other administration fad; or will the pendulum that's now swinging towards higher administration keep watch over via farmers quickly swing again the wrong way, towards better country keep an eye on? This quantity experiences on 4 nations the place the state's position in irrigation administration has gone through basic switch and the place the end result has been a far higher administration function for farmers. those reviews deal with the political antecedents of participatory irrigation administration (PIM) rules, the method of enforcing the regulations, and the second-generation demanding situations of maintaining PIM. those reports will turn out beneficial to policymakers and irrigation execs who're dealing with related demanding situations of their personal international locations.
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Extra resources for Case studies in participatory irrigation management, Page 273
In Turkey, the DSI foreign relations officer, Mehmet Cagil, and later Hasan Ozlu, offered invaluable encouragement in planning the Antalya seminar and later in facilitating participation of a key DSI official, Savas Uskay, in the Colombia workshop. Within the World Bank, Joma Mohamadi provided encouragement and guidance. In the Philippines, the National Irrigation Administration (NIA) provided help to the case study author in many ways; special thanks go to then administrator, Rodolfo Undan, and his manager in charge of institutional development, Billy Mejia.
Systems are generally in poor condition and in need of rehabilitation. The most dramatic results of transfer have been financial. In the early 1980s, the government was providing about 80 percent of the funds needed for system operation and maintenance (O&M). Today the figure is about 25 percent. At the same time, irrigationfees have increased more than four fold. Many associations are branching out into other economic ventures, including credit provision, joint input purchase, and farm equipment rental to members.
These problems require study, analysis, and action to resolve. National Context After the convulsive phase of the Mexican Revolution from 1910 to 1920, another 20-year period of adjustments, and socioeconomic changes followed, during which an industrialization policy was formed, and major hydraulic works were begun. These innovations allowed agricultural production to increase. In the 1950s, a stabilizing period of growth began. Financial, fiscal, and monetary policies suppressed inflationary pressure and created a suitable atmosphere for increased internal savings and expanded private and foreign investment.