Commercial Visions: Science, Trade, and Visual Culture in by Dániel Margócsy

By Dániel Margócsy

Entrepreneurial technology isn't really new; enterprise pursuits have strongly motivated technology because the clinical Revolution. In Commercial Visions, Dániel Margócsy illustrates that product advertising, patent litigation, or even ghostwriting pervaded average heritage and medicine—the “big sciences” of the early sleek era—and argues that the expansion of worldwide alternate through the Dutch Golden Age gave upward push to an entrepreneurial community of transnational science.
           
Margócsy introduces a couple of ordinary historians, physicians, and curiosi in Amsterdam, London, St. Petersburg, and Paris who, of their efforts to spice up their exchange, built sleek taxonomy, invented colour printing and anatomical instruction options, and contributed to philosophical debates on themes starting from human anatomy to Newtonian optics. those clinical practitioners, together with Frederik Ruysch and Albertus Seba, have been out to do company: they produced and bought unique curiosities, anatomical prints, preserved specimens, and atlases of ordinary historical past to shoppers all over the global. Margócsy unearths how their entrepreneurial rivalries reworked the scholarly global of the Republic of Letters right into a aggressive marketplace.
           
Margócsy’s hugely readable and fascinating ebook should be warmly welcomed through an individual drawn to early smooth technology, international exchange, paintings, and culture.

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Physics in a Mad World. Houtermans, Golfand by M Shifman

By M Shifman

This publication tells attractive tales of misadventures of 2 popular theoretical physicists within the Soviet Union. the 1st half is dedicated to Friedrich (Fritz) Houtermans, an excellent Dutch–Austrian–German physicist who used to be the 1st to indicate that the resource of stars' power is thermonuclear fusion, and in addition made a few different vital contributions to cosmochemistry and geochemistry. In 1935, Houtermans, a German communist, in an try to shop his existence from Hilter's Gestapo, fled to the Soviet Union. He took up an appointment on the Kharkov Physico-Technical Institute, operating there for 2 years with the Russian physicist Valentin P Fomin. within the nice Purge of 1937, Houtermans used to be arrested in December by way of the NKVD (Soviet mystery Police, KGB's predecessor). He used to be tortured, and confessed to being a Trotskyist plotter and German secret agent, out of worry of threats opposed to his spouse Charlotte. notwithstanding, Charlotte had already escaped from the Soviet Union to Denmark, and then she went to England and at last the us. end result of the Hilter–Stalin Pact of 1939, Houtermans used to be became over to the Gestapo in could 1940 and imprisoned in Berlin.

the second one half includes essays that narrate the lifestyles tale of Yuri Golfand, one of many codiscoverers of supersymmetry, an important discovery in theoretical physics within the twentieth century. In 1973, simply years after the booklet of his seminal paper, he used to be fired from the Lebedev Physics Institute in Moscow. as a result of his Jewish beginning he may perhaps locate no activity. below such conditions, he utilized for an go out visa to Israel, yet his software was once denied. Yuri Golfand turned a refusnik and joined the Human rights move, besides different admired physicists, Andrei Sakharov and Yuri Orlov. To earn his residing, he needed to do handbook paintings, again and again being intimidated through KGB. purely 18 years later, almost immediately ahead of the dying of the Soviet Union, did he receive permission to go away the rustic, emigrating to Israel in 1990.

These own existence tales of 2 awesome theorists are interwined with the tragedies of the twentieth century and make for compelling examining.

Readership: scholars, academics, physicists and historians of technological know-how attracted to the dramatic occasions of the twentieth century occasions.

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C. S. Lewis’s Dangerous Idea: In Defense of the Argument by Victor Reppert

By Victor Reppert

During this publication Victor Reppert champions C. S. Lewis. Darwinists try to use technological know-how to teach that our international and its population might be absolutely defined because the made of a senseless, purposeless procedure of physics and chemistry. yet Lewis claimed in his argument from cause that if such materialism or naturalism have been real then medical reasoning itself couldn't be relied on. Victor Reppert believes that Lewis's arguments were too usually disregarded. In C. S. Lewis's risky concept Reppert deals cautious, capable improvement of Lewis's inspiration and demonstrates that the elemental thrust of Lewis's argument from cause can undergo up lower than the load of the main critical philosophical assaults.

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Science vs. Religion: What Scientists Really Think by Elaine Howard Ecklund

By Elaine Howard Ecklund

That the longstanding antagonism among technology and faith is irreconcilable has been taken without any consideration. And within the wake of contemporary controversies over instructing clever layout and the ethics of stem-cell study, the divide turns out as unbridgeable as ever.In technological know-how vs. faith, Elaine Howard Ecklund investigates this unexamined assumption within the first systematic research of what scientists really imagine and consider approximately faith. during her examine, Ecklund surveyed approximately 1,700 scientists and interviewed 275 of them. She unearths that the majority of what we think in regards to the religion lives of elite scientists is incorrect. approximately 50 percentage of them are non secular. Many others are what she calls "spiritual entrepreneurs," looking inventive how you can paintings with the tensions among technological know-how and religion open air the limitations of conventional faith. The ebook facilities round bright pics of 10 consultant women and men operating within the usual and social sciences at most sensible American study universities. Ecklund's respondents run the gamut from Margaret, a chemist who teaches a Sunday-school classification, to Arik, a physicist who selected to not think in God good prior to he made up our minds to turn into a scientist. just a small minority are actively adversarial to faith. Ecklund finds how scientists-believers and skeptics alike-are suffering to have interaction the expanding variety of non secular scholars of their school rooms and argues that many scientists are seeking "boundary pioneers" to pass the wooden traces isolating technology and faith. With large implications for schooling, technology investment, and the thorny moral questions surrounding stem-cell study, cloning, and different state of the art medical endeavors, technology vs. faith brings a welcome dose of fact to the technological know-how and faith debates.

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The Evolution of Darwinism: Selection, Adaptation and by Timothy Shanahan

By Timothy Shanahan

This is often a very good, accomplished survey of the hot debates approximately 3 the most important concerns in Darwinian evolution. The paintings starts off with Darwin's perspectives at the subject. Following is a bankruptcy recounting the talk in fresh a long time. Then there's a bankruptcy summing up the problems from the authors' perspective. The appendix surveys Darwin's personal statements on evolutionary development in the course of diverse sessions of his lifestyles. in contrast to many common, philosophical surveys of Darwinism that take a in basic terms pan-adaptationist, gene-selectionist, and evolutionary progressivist place and brush aside different views in asides or put-downs (as within the a number of and extremely readable works of Michael Ruse), Shanahan provides a fair-minded survey of the controversy and kingdom of play on such matters as group-selection,the incidence of non-adaptations in organisms, and the case either for and opposed to evolutionary development. I hugely suggest this ebook to someone wishing a balanced and complete evaluation of the country of dialogue on those concerns.

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Jesuit Contribution to Science: A History by Agustín Udías

By Agustín Udías

This publication provides a accomplished background of the various contributions the Jesuits made to technological know-how from their founding to the current. It additionally hyperlinks the Jesuits commitment to technology with their particular spirituality which attempts to discover God in all issues. The publication starts with Christopher Clavius, professor of arithmetic within the Roman collage among 1567 and 1595, the initiator of this practice. It covers Jesuits medical contributions in arithmetic, astronomy, physics and cartography up till the suppression of the order via the Pope in 1773. subsequent, the ebook information the clinical paintings the Jesuits pursued after their recovery in 1814. It examines the institution of a community of observatories through the global; information contributions made to the research of tropical hurricanes, earthquakes and terrestrial magnetism and examines such very important figures as Angelo Secchi, Stephen J. Perry, James B. Macelwane and Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. From their founding to the current, Jesuits have trodden an unusual route to the frontiers the place the Christian message isn't but identified. Jesuits’ paintings in technology is additionally a fascinating bankruptcy within the normal challenge of the relation among technological know-how and faith. This booklet presents readers with an entire portrait of the Jesuit clinical culture. Its attractive tale will attract people with an curiosity within the background of technological know-how, the heritage of the family members among technological know-how and faith and the background of Jesuits.

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Epistemology and Political Philosophy in Gilbert Simondon: by Andrea Bardin

By Andrea Bardin

This blend of historiography and conception deals the growing to be Anglophone readership attracted to the tips of Gilbert Simondon a radical and remarkable survey of the French philosopher’s complete oeuvre. The booklet, which breaks new flooring in its thoroughness and breadth of research, systematically lines the interconnections among Simondon’s philosophy of technology and know-how at the one hand, and his political philosophy at the other.

The writer units Simondon’s rules within the context of the epistemology of the past due Fifties and the Sixties in France, the milieu that formed a new release of key French thinkers equivalent to Deleuze, Foucault and Derrida. This quantity explores Simondon’s assets, which have been as eclectic as they have been influential: from the philosophy of Bergson to the cybernetics of Wiener, from the phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty to the epistemology of Canguilhem, and from Bachelard’s philosophy of technological know-how to the positivist sociology and anthropology of luminaries corresponding to Durkheim and Leroi-Gourhan. It additionally tackles features of Simondon’s philosophy that relate to Heidegger and Elull of their difficulty with the ontological dating among know-how and society and discusses key students of Simondon reminiscent of Barthélémy, Combes, Stiegler, and Virno, in addition to the paintings of latest protagonists within the philosophical debate at the relevance of method. The author’s intimate wisdom of Simondon’s language permits him to unravel a number of the semantic blunders and misinterpretations that experience plagued reactions to Simondon’s many philosophical neologisms, frequently drawn from his clinical studies.

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Mach's Philosophy of Science by J. Bradley

By J. Bradley

Dr Bradley's target is to supply a piece so that it will introduce readers to the philosophical viewpoint hired by way of Mach in his expositions of physics. the writer indicates how Mach strains out the evolution of the metrical suggestions of warmth and mechanics, and incorporates a dialogue of his reformulation of Newton's dynamical ideas. Mach's view that we've got a semi-awareness of either time and temperature is taken into account: there's no ‘Mach precept' in Mach's writings; using the time period via Einstein and others has ended in confusion, which the writer makes an attempt to take away. The newcomer to the philosophy of technology is resulted in an perception into the tools of 1 who has had an enormous effect at the subject.

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