By Chao-Jun Li
An in depth replace of the vintage reference on natural reactions in water released nearly a decade in the past, the 1st variation has served because the consultant for examine during this burgeoning box. because of the rate, security, potency, and environmental friendliness of water as a solvent, there are numerous new purposes in and educational laboratories. greater than 40 percentage of this widely up to date moment variation covers new reactions. For ease of reference, it truly is equipped via sensible teams. A center reference, complete natural Reactions in Aqueous Media, moment variation: * offers the main accomplished insurance of aqueous organicreactions on hand * Covers the elemental rules and idea and progresses to functions * comprises alkanes, alkenes, aromatics, electrophilic substitutions, carbonyls, alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyls, carbon-nitrogen bonds, natural halides, pericyclic reactions, photochemical reactions, click on chemistry, and multi-step syntheses? * offers examples of purposes in undefined this is often the superior reference for chemists and chemical engineers in or study, in addition to for college students in advanced-level classes.
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Extra info for Comprehensive Organic Reactions in Aqueous Media
Ed. Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1972; Shaw, R. , Brill, T. , Clifford, A. , Eckert, C. , Franck, E. , C & EN, Dec. 23, 1991, 26. 11. , Piezochemie, Kondensierter Systeme, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft. Leipzig, 1919. 12. Kavanau, J. , Water and Solute-Water Interactions. Holden-Day, San Francisco, 1964. CHAPTER 2 ALKANES Because simple alkanes consist of only nonactivated C–H bonds and C–C bonds, these compounds are generally considered as nonreactive except under vigorous conditions such as high temperature and radical halogenations.
1992, 508. 3. For examples, see: Vincent, J. , Olivier-Lilley, G. , Averill, B. , Chem. Rev. 1990, 90, 1447; Wilkins, R. , Chem. Soc. Rev. , Acc. Chem. Res. 1996, 29, 190. REFERENCES 23 4. , J. Chem. , Chem. Commun. 1990, 533. 5. , Trotman-Dickenson, A. , J. Chem. Soc. 1961, 4281. 6. , Buchanan, R. , Fish, R. , Inorg. Chem. 1999, 38, 3575. 7. Gol’dshleger, N. , Es’kova, V. , Shilov, A. , Shteinman, A. , Zh. Fiz. Khim. 1972, 46, 1353. 8. Kushch, L. , Lavrushko, V. , Misharin, Y. , Moravskii, A. , Shilov, A.
Commun. , Appl. Organomet. Chem. 1998, 12, 277. 27. , Hogan, T. , J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 118, 4574. 28. Gol’dshleger, N. , Tyabin, M. , Shilov, A. , Shteinman, A. , Zh. Fiz. Khim. 1969, 43, 2174 29. Klei, S. , Golden, J. , Tilley, T. , Bergman, R. , J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 2092. 1 Hydrogenation Because of the electron-richness of simple carbon–carbon double bonds, their reduction to C–C single bonds is usually difﬁcult with common electron-rich reducing reagents such as metal hydrides. On the other hand, the use of transition-metal can change the electronic nature of C=C into electron-demanding through coordination with the transition-metals.