By Arjuna Parakrama
This learn establishes the discriminatory and elitist nature of ordinary languages and standardization itself, contemplating as counter-example the case of Sri Lankan English as symptomatic of the opposite or post-colonial Englishes. at the foundation of this realizing of the normal, whereas while accepting the need of criteria, even if attenuated, the author argues for the lively broadening of the normal to incorporate the best type attainable - privileging that means over different principles - and holds that this might in truth paintings in the direction of extending the boundaries of linguistic tolerance.
Read Online or Download De-Hegemonizing Language Standards: Learning from (Post) Colonial Englishes about English PDF
Similar criticism & theory books
In Conrad and Empire, Stephen Ross demanding situations the orthodoxy of the final thirty years of Conrad feedback through arguing that to target problems with race and imperialism in Conrad’s paintings is to overlook the bigger and extra vital engagement with constructing globalization undertaken there. Drawing at the conceptual version supplied by way of Arjun Appadurai and by way of Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, Ross keeps that Conrad’s significant novels confront an emergent new international order that replaces nation-state-based versions of geopolitics with the worldwide rule of capitalism, and exhibits how Conrad vitamins this conceptualization by way of tracing the concrete results of the sort of swap at the psyches of person matters.
Metaphor, although now not now the scholarly “mania” it as soon as used to be, is still an issue of serious curiosity in lots of disciplines albeit with attention-grabbing shifts in emphasis. Warren Shibles' Metaphor: An Annotated Bibliography and heritage (Bloomington, Ind. 1971) recorded the preliminary curiosity. Then Metaphor: A Bibliography of Post-1970 courses, released by way of John Benjamins, persisted the checklist throughout the mania years as much as 1985 whilst writings proliferated as metaphor used to be noticeable to be a basic classification in human concept and language.
Within the Imitation and a twin of guy James S. Hans offers his perception of the mimetic. His fundamental aim to this research is to increase numerous forms of discourse: first, to redfine our belief of the literary; moment, to extend our rules of the categories of items that may be taken care of jointly; 3rd, to complement our figuring out of the probabilities of the shape of the essay; and fourth, to articulate the necessity for those adjustments by way of a non-linear thought of imitation.
This new, significantly accelerated and enriched model of The authentic ideas offers accurately 5,427 legislation, ideas, ideas, proverbs, and aphorisms accrued by way of Paul Dickson and the esteemed Fellows of the Murphy middle for the Codification of Human and Organizational legislations. This frequently a laugh, occasionally profound, number of "official principles" was once collected one rule at a time over greater than 40 years from pundits, prophets, and daily parents.
- The Works of John Dryden, Volume XVII: Prose, 1668-1691: An essay of Dramatick Poesie and Shorter Works
- Transrealist Fiction: Writing in the Slipstream of Science
- Our decentralized literature: cultural mediations in selected Jewish and Southern writers
- George Herbert: A Literary Life (Literary Lives)
- Coleridge’s Writings: Volume 2: On Humanity
- The Difference Within: Feminism and Critical Theory
Extra resources for De-Hegemonizing Language Standards: Learning from (Post) Colonial Englishes about English
471). Kachru notes that in this case Prator has not been affected by the vast empirical evidence to the contrary which he cites, and concludes, 'that it is this view which makes him (Prator) adopt an unrealistic attitude to homogeneity and linguistic conformity in non-native varieties of English' (p. 102). This extrapolation is cryptic, however, since it is precisely Prator's contention that there is little if any homogeneity in the so-called non-native varieties of English. It must be that the unjustifiable homogenization in the 'American' case stems from the same cause as the equally unjustifiable heterogenization of Indian English.
Other dialects or forms of the language in question will, the argument goes, 6. As improvements on Volosinov's classic formulation in Marxism and the Philosophy of Language, which states that 'Sign becomes an arena of the class struggle' (1986, p. 23) 2 De-Hegemonizing Language Standards discriminate even more against these peripheral elements within the community. In mainstream linguistics even this piety about languageas-the-site-of-struggle is dissimulated by a privileging of the investigator as transparent (both 'neutral' and 'detached'), and the positing of the act of investigation as merely a meticulous recording of what takes place, which leaves everything as it was before the investigation.
At the same time, it raises a whole new problematic, involving now the precise characterization of the new broadened standard and, most particularly, of the criteria on the basis of which forms and practices are to be assigned or denied a place within this standard. Parakrama recognizes the challenge, and in his third and fourth chapters explicitly addresses the new issues it raises. But the positions he develops raise, for me, some rather worrying questions. It is not just that his criteria do not at times entirely convince, though that is in fact so.