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Extra resources for Delivering the Goods: 21st Century Challenges to Urban Goods Transport
Given the limited space available in urban areas, this trend has led to severe competition between various means of passenger transport and goods transport. Integration between passenger and goods transport is often difficult, since urban goods transport operate within integrated supply chain management whereas passenger transport serve individual needs. Ruled by the “goods do not vote, passengers do” principle, passenger transport has received attention and priority in policy-making when competing for limited funds.
3 metres Department stores Daily products (food) Do-it-yourself The production requirements for new vehicles are: less visual intrusion, increased safety, better working conditions, high capacity, light weight, and clean engine. Source: Netherlands Forum for Physical Distribution in Urban Areas (Platform Stedelijke Distributie). Degrees of efficiency in energy use and emissions vary as different vehicles are used for urban deliveries. In France, research by the French Environment Agency in 1997 found that round-trip deliveries using heavier and larger trucks in the urban environment can consume less energy than a bundle of direct deliveries.
Urban transport share in environmental problems FRANCE CO (Kt) Kt) NOx (Kt) Kt) 1997 Long distance Long distance Regional Urbain Regional Urban Urban 0 1000 2000 3000 0 100 PARTICULATES (Kt) Kt) 200 CO2 (Mt) 300 400 Long distance Long distance Regional Regional Urban Urban 0 10 20 0 V o itu r e s p a rtic u liè re s T ra n sp o r ts c o lle c tifs 10 20 30 40 50 60 2 ro u e s à m o teu r V é h icu le s u tilita ire s TGV F r e t fe r e t tr a n s p o rt c o m b in é V o ie d 'e a u Source DAEI/SESADEME/ impact COPERT 1998 AIR &TRANSPORTS DIRECTION 5 Source: Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’Énergie, France.