Developmental Psychology: Childhood and Adolescence (9th by David R. Shaffer, Katherine Kipp

By David R. Shaffer, Katherine Kipp

This well known, topically prepared, and carefully up to date baby and adolescent improvement textual content provides you with the easiest theories, learn, and sensible suggestion that developmentalists need to supply at the present time. Authors David R. Shaffer and Katherine Kipp offer you a present and accomplished evaluate of kid and adolescent improvement, written in transparent, concise language that talks "to" you instead of "at" you. The authors additionally specialize in program displaying how theories and study observe to real-life settings. for this reason, you'll achieve an figuring out of developmental ideas that can assist you on your roles as mom and dad, lecturers, nurses, day-care staff, pediatricians, psychologists, or in the other ability in which you could sooner or later effect the lives of constructing individuals. on hand with InfoTrac pupil Collections

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Developmental Psychology: Childhood and Adolescence (9th Edition)

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Extra info for Developmental Psychology: Childhood and Adolescence (9th Edition)

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In addition, ethnographic conclusions pertain only to the culture or subculture studied and cannot be assumed to generalize to other contexts or social groups. An example of ethnological research comes from the work of Gregory Bryant and Clark Barrett (Bryant & ­Barrett, 2007). They have been visiting and interacting with the people of Shuar, a culture of hunter-horticulturalists living in the South American rain forest who have no experience with the speech of industrialized countries. Bryant and Barrett found evidence Ethnographic researchers attempt to understand cultural that Shuar adults are able to recognize infant-­directed speech influences by living within the community and participatand even tell the difference between various intentions of ing in all aspects of community life.

Explanation centers both on normative changes within individuals and variations in development between individuals. As we will see throughout the text, it is often easier to describe development than to conclusively explain how it occurs. Finally, developmentalists hope to optimize development by applying what they have learned in attempts to help people develop in positive directions. This is a practical side to the study of human development that has led to such breakthroughs as ways to promote strong affectional ties between fussy, unresponsive infants and their frustrated parents; ■ assist children with learning difficulties to succeed at school; and ■ help socially unskilled children and adolescents to prevent the emotional difficulties that could result from having no close friends and being rejected by peers.

A very creative use of interview or questionnaire methodologies is the so-called diary study diary study, in which participants (usually adolescents or young adults) respond, in a a questionnaire method in which diary or a notebook, to one or more standardized questions, either at a specified time participants write answers to (for example, at the end of the day) or whenever they are instructed to respond by a specified questions in a diary or prompt from an electronic pager. Diary studies have proved invaluable for investigating notebook, either at predetermined times or when prompted by an a host of issues that may be difficult to study in other ways, issues such as the growth electronic pager.

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