Environmental Dilemmas: Ethics and decisions by R.J. Berry

By R.J. Berry

This e-book is an account of the criteria that experience to be weighed in making judgements concerning the air we breathe, approximately power resources, land use, animal welfare, commerical revenue etc. will probably be of curiosity to managers, historians, sociologists, yet mainly for environmental scientists compelled to make judgements on imperfect or incomplete proof.

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Extra resources for Environmental Dilemmas: Ethics and decisions

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Air pollution costs are also shared, and include effects on the health of people living in cities and beside busy roads whether they own cars or not. Nor do the owners or operators of cars and other vehicles pay the cost of lost agricultural production or damage to the fabric of buildings. As car ownership increases, the public transport options open to those who lack cars tend to diminish; so the privileges of car ownership lead to a reduction in privileges for those without access to private vehicles.

In my judgement, these issues can be resolved best through a common respect for and appreciation of factual knowledge about the environment and a common environmental ethic. While scientific information and concepts are culturally and socially controlled, the physical, chemical and biological features of the biosphere are sufficiently well known that we can reason from them with a specified degree of certainty. We need to be 30 Environmental attitudes in North America careful about extrapolation from factual data and mixing hypotheses, opinion, theory and law.

Conclusions 17 diversity in nature that were more prevalent in the nineteenth century than among contemporary ecologists. What we may regard as a pleasingly diverse environment may be one that requires active management on our part. Moreover, there is little point, I would suggest, in arguing that nature should be left free from our meddling. Non-interference in nature is no more an option for us than for any other mammal. It is the form of our meddling which raises moral, aesthetic and policy issues.

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